Model Bus 3D

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3D Model Bus untuk pemodelan grafik komputer 3D.

A bus is a car with more than nine seats with a driver’s seat, which, in its design and equipment, is designed to carry passengers and their luggage with the necessary comfort and safety.

The world’s first bus was made by Richard Trevitic in 1801, and his demonstration was held December 24 of that year in Kumborney, Cornwall (England). It was a steam engine machine that could carry up to 8 passengers. The world’s first electric bus appeared in London in 1886. He could ride at an average speed of 11.2 km / h. The world’s first gas-powered internal combustion engine was built in Germany in 1894-1895 by the “Benz” plant. It accommodated 8 passengers and traveled along the 15-kilometer route between the German cities of Siegen, Netfeng, and Dojts. The world’s first city bus with an internal combustion engine went on a route on April 12, 1903, in London.

Bus gas berbeda dari bensin konvensional dan bus diesel yang menggunakan bahan bakar hidrokarbon. Untuk membakar bahan bakar ini, mesin berbasis Otto khusus digunakan ketika panas dibawa ke fluida kerja dengan volume konstan. Dalam gas, angka oktan lebih tinggi, dan karenanya efisiensi energi yang lebih baik tercapai. Bus gas sudah banyak digunakan di beberapa negara di dunia. Secara khusus, sekitar 13 ribu unit bus semacam itu digunakan di UE, dan sekitar 40% di antaranya ada di Jerman dan Prancis. Bus yang beroperasi dengan bahan bakar berbeda dari kendaraan bensin / diesel konvensional karena biaya operasional yang lebih rendah dan emisi polutan yang secara signifikan lebih rendah, khususnya, SOx, NOx dan jelaga. Bus gas dicirikan oleh rendahnya tingkat emisi polutan, yang 82-97% lebih rendah dari bahan bakar diesel dan bensin.