MiniVan Model 3D

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3D Model MiniVan Car untuk pemodelan 3D dan rendering grafis.

Minivan adalah mobil penumpang dengan bodi satu volume dan tata letak bonnetless (jarang kereta) atau satu setengah (semi-flush), biasanya dengan tiga baris kursi.

In domestic sources, this type of body previously could be designated as “UPV” – wagon of increased capacity.

Tubuh minivan selalu lebih tinggi daripada tubuh penumpang-dan-barang konvensional dari mobil penumpang seperti station wagon dan hatchback, karena properti konsumen utama dari minivan terdiri justru dalam memaksimalkan volume internal kompartemen penumpang, juga seperti pada kemungkinan mengubahnya dengan melipat kursi penumpang yang mudah dilepas (kadang-kadang berputar).

Model minivan awal sering terbatas pada pintu penumpang belakang tunggal.

Kelas minivan mencakup mobil dengan jumlah penumpang tidak melebihi kursi 8 (dengan pengemudi 9). Mobil dengan sejumlah besar kursi penumpang adalah minibus.

Selama 20 tahun terakhir, minivan telah dengan kuat menempati ceruk konsumen antara mobil konvensional dengan badan kargo dan penumpang milik kategori B dan minibus (kelas M1).

The first attempts to create more rational in terms of layout and streamline of drop-shaped car bodies were undertaken before the First World War, for example, the “proto-like-alumina” Alfa 40-60 HP Aerodinamica of 1914, which has survived to the present day, then reappeared in the West mid-1930s due to the success of aerodynamics in aviation. The first domestic running models of “monospaces” went from the end of the 1940s, for example, NAMI-013, created under the guidance of designer Yu. A. Dolmatovsky or the revolutionary Belka microcar created jointly by NAMI and the Irbit motorcycle factory. Such prototypes were usually rear-engine (engine behind the rear axle) and with the driver landing over the front axle, that is, related to the carriage layout. The passenger compartment was located exactly in the center of mass, which, in the opinion of the then designers, should have improved weight distribution and, accordingly, handling at high speeds, although the driver’s workplace was located in front of or above the arches of the front wheels, in the zone of rigid vertical oscillations, which did not contribute to comfort. and contributed to a strong galloping (longitudinal buildup of the car) when driving irregularities cover. The issue of expanding functionality was not yet on the agenda – a one-volume passenger car was considered from the point of view of creating a more rational replacement of the traditionally assembled one, with a reduction in its overall length while maintaining capacity, rather than a specialized passenger-and-freight version with a more spacious cabin.