Model Fiat 3D

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FIAT (the acronym for Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Torino with ital. – “Italian Automobile Factory of Turin”) is an Italian automobile manufacturer (manufactures cars, engines), a financial and manufacturing association. The headquarters is located in Turin.

Concern “Fiat Group” was formed on February 1, 2007 from the company “Fiat Auto S.p.A.”. Since January 1, 2011, the Fiat Group has divided into two subsidiaries into two sectors: Fiat SpA (passenger transport) and Fiat Industrial (industrial transport).

Pada bulan Januari 2014, setelah mengkonsolidasikan 100% saham di Chrysler Amerika, dewan direksi Fiat memutuskan untuk membuat pembuat mobil yang baru bersatu, Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, dengan kantor pusat di Belanda.

Penghargaan internasional mobil Eropa tahun ini, Fiat mendapat perusahaan 12 kali lebih banyak daripada perusahaan lain.

Daftar mobil Fiat yang telah menjadi mobil Eropa tahun ini:

  • 1967: 124
  • 1970: 128
  • 1972: 127
  • 1984: Uno
  • 1989: Tipo
  • 1995: Punto
  • 1996: Bravo / Brava
  • 2001: Stilo
  • 2004: Panda
  • 2008: 500

Fiat was founded in 1899 by a group of investors, among whom was Giovanni Agnelli. In 1902, Agnelli became the manager of an enterprise that became one of the world’s largest automakers. Signor Anelli was a retired officer, and in his company he established army discipline and strict order. Soon after visiting the head of FIAT enterprises Henry Ford in Turin was installed the first car assembly line in Europe. During the First World War and the first postwar years, the concern was engaged in the production of airplanes and tanks. In the 1919-1920-ies Fiat plants survived a series of serious strikes, organized by the Communists Antonio Gramsci and Palmiro Togliatti. In fact, he returned to the management of the concern Giovanni Agnelli only after Benito Mussolini came to power.

Fiat sendiri adalah produsen pesawat besar, yang berspesialisasi terutama dalam produksi pesawat militer. Setelah Perang Dunia I, Fiat menyatukan beberapa produsen pesawat kecil Italia (Pomilio, Ansaldo, dll.). Biplan pesawat tempur Fiat yang paling terkenal dari 1930 adalah Fiat CR.32 dan Fiat CR.42. Perkembangan penting lainnya adalah pesawat tempur CR.20, G.50, G.55, dan pembom Fiat BR.20. Di 1950s, perusahaan mengembangkan bomber ringan Aeritalia G.91. Selanjutnya, Fiat Aviazione bergabung dengan Aerfer menjadi perusahaan baru Aeritalia.